WHMIS Training Program

Purpose of WHMIS Program

 

The WHMIS program is designed to provide the workers of Coulson Forest Products with information regarding hazardous materials that they are required to handle on the work site.

 

Interpretation of Material Labeling

 

Labeling of Materials

 

Under federal regulations, materials that have been designated as being potentially hazardous are required to be labeled with a WHMIS label. The label provides seven essential pieces of information:

  1. Product identification – The brand name, code name or code number given to the product by the supplier, or the chemical name, common name, generic name or trade name. (example "bleach", "sodium hypo-chlorite" or a brand name such as "Javex" may be used)
     

  2. Hazard symbols – Symbols that depict the classification of the product according to its hazards and provide an immediate warning of the product's dangers in general
     

  3. Risk Phrases – Phrases that explain more than the symbols do about the nature of the hazard and the risks involved when using the product. (example: "contact with water releases flammable gasses")
     

  4. Precautionary statements – The procedures to be used when using, handling or working in the presence of a controlled product.
     

  5. First aid measures – An explanation for the first aid attendant about what to do in case of exposure to the controlled product. These phrases refer to emergency situations, when contact is made with a hazardous material that demands immediate action.
     

  6. MSDS statement –Advising that a Material Safety Data Sheet is available – a reminder that more detailed information is available if needed. (The MSDS will include phone numbers and more detailed information on the contents and emergency measures).
     

  7. Supplier identification – the name of the manufacturer or importer of the controlled product. The address and telephone number may also be included here.

 Products used by Coulson Forest Products

 

The following products have been identified that require labeling as hazardous materials:

 The following information provides guidelines for handling the above substances, including:

 1.     Gasoline

 

Classification:

Class D, Division 2: Subdivision A: Very Toxic Material

Class B, Division 2: Flammable Liquids

 

Label Hazard Symbol

 

 

Class B

 

Combustible & Flammable Material

 

Class D, Division 2

Poisonous & Infectious

Material:

Other Toxic Effects

                                                                                               

 

 

Health Hazard Information for Workers

 

Nature of Hazard

(a)   Inhalation

High vapor concentrations are irritating to the eyes, nose, throat and lungs; may cause headaches and dizziness; may be anesthetic and may cause other central nervous system effects. Avoid breathing vapors or mists.

 

(b)   Eye Contact

Slightly irritating but will not injure eye tissue

 

(c)    Skin Contact

Low toxicity. Frequent or prolonged contact may irritate the skin and cause a skin rash (dermatitis).

 

(d)   Ingestion

Low toxicity. Small amounts of this liquid drawn into the lungs from swallowing or vomiting may cause severe health effects (e.g. bronchopneumonia or pulmonary edema).

 

(e)   Chronic

The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) has evaluated gasoline and found it to be a possible human carcinogen.

Contains benzene. Human health studies indicate that prolonged and/or repeated overexposure to benzene may cause damage to the blood producing system and serious blood disorders, including leukemia.

Animal tests suggest that prolonged and/or repeated exposures to benzene may damage the embryo/fetus. The relationship of these animal studies to humans has not been fully established.

Contains n-hexane. Prolonged and/or repeated exposures may cause damage to the peripheral nervous system (e.g. fingers, feet, arms etc.)

(f)Occupational Exposure Limit

Manufacturer recommends:

Benzene (skin): 1 ppm TWA for 8-hour workday.

Gasoline: 300mg/m3

Methyl-tert-Butyl Ether: a 15-minute short-term exposure limits (STEL) of 50 ppm.

Preventive and Corrective Measures

 

Personal Protection

The selection of personal protective equipment varies, depending upon conditions of use. Open systems where a contact is likely: Wear safety goggles, chemical resistant overalls and chemically impervious gloves.

Incidental contact is likely: Wear safety glasses with side shields. No other special precautions are necessary provided skin/eye contact is avoided.

Respiratory: Where concentrations in air may exceed the occupational exposure limits given in Section 4 and where engineering, work practices or other means of exposure reduction are not adequate, approved respirators may be necessary to prevent overexposure by inhalation.

 

Handling, Storage and Shipping

Land Spill

 Water Spill

2.     Jet A Helicopter Fuel

Classification:

Class B, Division 3: Combustible Liquids

Class D, Division 2: Subdivision A: Very Toxic Material

Class D, Division 2: Subdivision B: Toxic Material

Label Hazard Symbol

 

 

 

Class B

Combustible & Flammable Material

 

 

Class D, Division 2

Poisonous & Infectious Material: Other Toxic Effects

 

Health Hazard Information for Workers

 

Nature of Hazard

(a) Inhalation

Negligible hazard at normal temperatures (up to 38 deg C). High vapor concentrations are irritating to the eyes, nose, throat and lungs; may cause headaches and dizziness; may be anesthetic and may cause other central nervous system effects. Avoid breathing vapors or mists.

 

(b) Eye Contact

Slightly irritating, but will not injure eye tissue.

 

(c) Skin Contact

Irritating.

Frequent or prolonged contact may irritate the skin and cause a skin rash (dermatitis).

Low toxicity.

 

(d) Ingestion

Low toxicity.

Small amounts of this liquid drawn into the lungs from swallowing or vomiting may cause severe health effects (e.g. bronchopneumonia or pulmonary edema).

 

(e) Chronic Effects

Lifetime skin painting tests indicate that materials of similar composition have produced skin cancer in experimental animals. The relationship of these results to humans has not been fully established. May contain ethylene glycol monomethyl ether (EGME). Prolonged and/or repeated exposure through inhalation or extensive skin contact with EGME may result in toxic effects on the blood, the blood producing system, the kidneys, the male reproductive system and the embryo/fetus.

 

(g) Occupational Exposure Limit

Manufacturer recommendation: 100 ppm based on composition. Local regulated limits may vary.

Preventive and Corrective Measures

 

Personal Protection

The selection of personal protective equipment varies, depending upon conditions of use.  Open systems where contact is likely: Wear safety goggles, chemical-resistant overalls, and chemically impervious gloves.

Incidental contact is likely: Wear safety goggles, long sleeves and chemical-resistant gloves.

Respiratory: Where concentrations in air may exceed the occupational exposure limits described in “Health Hazard Information” and where engineering, work practices or other means of exposure reduction are not adequate, approved respirators may be necessary to prevent overexposure by inhalation.

Handling, Storage and Shipping

Land Spill

 Water Spill

3.      Heating Oil

Classification:

Class B, Division 3: Combustible Liquids

 

Label Hazard Symbol

 

 

Class B

Combustible & Flammable Material

 

 

 

Health Hazard Information for Workers

 

Nature of Hazard

(a)   Inhalation

Prolonged breathing of vapors can cause central nervous system effects. This hazard evaluation is based on data from similar materials.

 

(b)   Eye Contact

This substance is not expected to cause prolonged or significant eye irritation.

 

(c)    Skin Contact

This substance is a moderate skin irritant so contact with the skin could cause prolonged (days) injury to the affected area. The degree of injury will depend on the amount of material that gets on the skin and the speed and thoroughness of the first aid treatment. If absorbed through the skin, this substance is considered practically non-toxic to internal organs.

 

(d)   Ingestion

If swallowed, this substance is considered practically non-toxic to internal organs. Because of the low viscosity of this substance, it can directly enter the lungs if it is swallowed (called aspiration). This can occur during the act of swallowing or when vomiting the substance. Once in the lungs, the substance is very difficult to remove and cause sever injury to the lungs and death may ensue.

 

Preventive and Corrective Measures

Personal Protection

Eye/Face: No special eye protection is usually necessary

Skin: avoid contact with skin or clothing. Skin contact should be minimized by wearing protective clothing including gloves.

Respiratory: No special respiratory protection is normally required. However, if operating conditions create high airborne concentrations, the use of an approved respirator is recommended.

 

Handling, Storage and Shipping

Accidental Spills

This material is considered to be a water pollutant and releases of this product should be prevented from contaminating soil and water and from entering drainage and sewer systems.
 

4.      Chevron Special LS Diesel 1

Classification

Class B; Flammable Liquid

 

Label Hazard Symbol

 

 

Class B

 

Combustible & Flammable Material

 

 

Health Hazard Information for Workers

 

Nature of Hazard

(a)   Inhalation

Prolonged breathing of vapors can cause central nervous system effects. Signs and symptoms of exposure may include one or more of the following: headache, dizziness, loss of appetite, weakness and loss of coordination.

 

(b)   Eye Contact

This substance is not expected to cause prolonged or significant eye irritation.

 

(c)    Skin Contact

This substance is a moderate skin irritant so contact with the skin could cause prolonged (days) injury to the affected area. The degree of injury will depend on the amount of material that gets on the skin and the speed and thoroughness of the first aid treatment. If absorbed through the skin, this substance is considered practically non-toxic to internal organs. Signs and symptoms of exposure may include pain or a feeling of heat, discoloration, swelling and blistering.

 

(d)   Ingestion

If swallowed, this substance is considered practically non-toxic to internal organs. Because of the low viscosity of this substance, it can directly enter the lungs if it is swallowed (aspiration). This can occur during the act of swallowing or when vomiting the substance. Once in the lungs, the substance is very difficult to remove and can cause severe injury to the lungs and death may ensue.

 

(e)   Chronic Effects

Carcinogenicity

This product contains a mixture of petroleum hydrocarbons called middle distillates, (which means they boil between approximately 350F and 700F). Because of this broad description, many products are considered middle distillates yet they are produced by a variety of different petroleum refining processes. Toxicology data developed on some middle distillates found that they caused positive responses in some mutagenicity tests and caused skin cancer when repeatedly applied to mice over their lifetime. This product may contain some middle distillates found to cause those adverse effects.

Preventive and Corrective Measures

Personal Protection

Eye/Face: No special eye protection is usually necessary

Skin: Void contact with skin or clothing. Skin contact should be minimized by wearing protective clothing including gloves.

Respiratory: No special respiratory protection is normally required. However, if operating conditions create high airborne concentrations, the use of an approved respirator is recommended.

Handling, Storage and Shipping

Accidental Spills

5.     Chevron Special LS Diesel 2

Classification

Class B: Flammable Liquid

 

Label Hazard Symbol

 

 

Class B

 

Combustible & Flammable Material

 

 

 

Health Hazard Information for Workers

 

Nature of Hazard

(a)   Inhalation

Prolonged breathing of vapors can cause central nervous system effects. Signs and symptoms of exposure may include one or more of the following: headache, dizziness, loss of appetite, weakness and loss of coordination.

 

(b)   Eye Contact

This substance is not expected to cause prolonged or significant eye irritation.

 

(c)    Skin Contact

This substance is a moderate skin irritant so contact with the skin could cause prolonged (days) injury to the affected area. The degree of injury will depend on the amount of material that gets on the skin and the speed and thoroughness of the first aid treatment. If absorbed through the skin, this substance is considered practically non-toxic to internal organs. Signs and symptoms of exposure may include pain or a feeling of heat, discoloration, swelling and blistering.

 

(d)   Ingestion

If swallowed, this substance is considered practically non-toxic to internal organs. Because of the low viscosity of this substance, it can directly enter the lungs if it is swallowed (aspiration). This can occur during the act of swallowing or when vomiting the substance. Once in the lungs, the substance is very difficult to remove and can cause severe injury to the lungs and death may ensue.

 

(e)   Chronic Effects

Carcinogenicity

This product contains a mixture of petroleum hydrocarbons called middle distillates, (which means they boil between approximately 350F and 700F). Because of this broad description, many products are considered middle distillates yet they are produced by a variety of different petroleum refining processes. Toxicology data developed on some middle distillates found that they caused positive responses in some mutagenicity tests and caused skin cancer when repeatedly applied to mice over their lifetime. This product may contain some middle distillates found to cause those adverse effects.

 

Preventive and Corrective Measures

Personal Protection

Eye/Face: No special eye protection is usually necessary

Skin: Void contact with skin or clothing. Skin contact should be minimized by wearing protective clothing including gloves.

Respiratory: No special respiratory protection is normally required. However, if operating conditions create high airborne concentrations, the use of an approved respirator is recommended.

 

 Handling, Storage and Shipping

 Accidental Spills

6.     Varsol Solvent

Classification

Class B; Division 3: Combustible Liquids

 

Label Hazard Symbol

 

 

Class B

 

Combustible & Flammable Material

 

Health Hazard Information for Workers

 

Nature of Hazard

(a)   Inhalation

High vapor/aerosol concentrations (greater than approximately 1000ppm) are irritating to the eyes and the respiratory tract. May cause headaches, dizziness, anesthesia, drowsiness, unconsciousness and other central nervous system, effects, including death.

 

(b)   Eye Contact

Slightly irritating, but will not injure eye tissue.

 

(c)    Skin Contact

Low toxicity. Frequent or prolonged contact may irritate the skin and cause a skin rash (dermatitis). Skin contact may aggravate an existing dermatitis condition.

 

(d)   Ingestion

Minimal toxicity. Small amounts of liquid aspirated into the respiratory system during ingestion or from vomiting may cause mild to severe pulmonary injury and possibly death.

 

(e)   Occupational Exposure Limit

Manufacturer recommends: 100ppm based on composition.

 

(f)     Chronic Effects/Special Health Precautions

Health Studies have shown that many petroleum hydrocarbons pose potential human health risks that may vary from person to person. As a precaution, exposure to liquids, vapors, mists or fumes should be minimized.

 

Preventive and Corrective Measures

Personal Protection

The selection of personal protective equipment varies depending upon conditions of use. Prolonged and/or repeated skin and eye contact is likely: Wear safety glasses with side shields, long sleeves and chemical resistant gloves.

Short and/or Periodic Exposure: Wear safety glasses with side shields.

Respiratory: Where concentrations in air may exceed the occupational exposure limits, and where engineering, work practices or other means of exposure reduction are not adequate, approved respirators may be necessary to prevent overexposure by inhalation.

Handling, Storage and Shipping

 Land Spill

 Water Spill

7.     Siloo Diesel Fuel Conditioner

Classification

Class B, Division 3: Combustible & Flammable Liquid

Class D, Division 2, Subdivision B: Toxic Materials

 

Label Hazard Symbol

 

 

Class B

Combustible & Flammable Material

 

Class D, Division 2

Poisonous & Infectious Material: Other Toxic Effects

 

 

 

Health Hazard Information for Workers

 

Nature of Hazard

(a)   Inhalation

Inhalation of mist may cause breathing problems. Inhalation of vapors may cause headaches and nausea.

 

(b)   Eye Contact

Safety glasses. Exposure sings and symptoms may include burning and irritation of the eyes

 

(c)    Skin Contact

Solvent resistant gloves oil resistant clothing and oil resistant footwear. Exposure signs and symptoms may include dryness to the skin. Prolonged exposure to the skin may cause dermatitis.

 

(d)   Ingestion

If ingested, DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. Call physician.

 

(e)   Acute Toxicity Data

Exposure limits TLV200

 

Preventive and Corrective Measures

Personal Protection

Eyes: Safety Glasses

Skin Contact: Solvent resistant gloves

Respiratory: Self contained air supply

 

Engineering Controls

Mechanical if necessary

 

Handling, Storage and Shipping

Information not available

 

Leak and Spill Procedure

8.      Diesel Fuel Conditioner with Anti-Gel

Classification: No WHMIS classification available

 

Health Hazard Information for Workers

 

Nature of Hazard

(a)   Inhalation

Inhalation of mist may cause breathing problems. Vapors may cause headaches, nausea and dizziness. Self-contained breathing apparatus is required above TLV.

 

(b)   Eye Contact

Safety glasses. Exposure stings and symptoms may include burning and irritation of the eyes.

 

(c)    Skin Contact

Solvent resistant gloves oil resistant clothing and oil resistant footwear. Exposure signs and symptoms may include dryness to the skin. Prolonged exposure to the skin may cause dermatitis.

 

(d)   Ingestion

If ingested, DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. Call physician or poison control center.

 

Preventive and Corrective Measures

 

Personal Protection

Eyes: Safety Glasses

Clothing and Footwear protection: not required

Respiratory: self-contained breathing apparatus above TLV

 

Leak and Spill Procedure

9.     Siloo Starting Fluid

Classification:

Class B1: Combustible & Flammable Material

Class D1A: Poisonous & Infectious Material: Immediate and Serious Toxic Effects

 

Label Hazard Symbol

 

 

Class B

Combustible & Flammable Material

 

 

 

 

Class D Division 1

Poisonous & Infectious Material: Immediate and Serious Toxic Effects

Ex: sodium cyanide

 

 

 

Health Hazard Information for Workers

 

Nature of Hazard

(a)   Inhalation

Effects of Acute Exposure: Stupor or unconsciousness

Effects of Chronic Exposure: Prolonged exposure may cause unconsciousness.

 

(b)   Eye Contact

Effects of Acute Exposure: Signs and symptoms may include irritation.

 

(c)    Skin Contact

Effects of Acute Exposure: Signs and symptoms may include irritation. Prolonged exposure to the skin may cause dermatitis.

 

(d)   Ingestion

If ingested, DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. Call physician or poison control center.

 

(e)   Acute Toxicity Data

Exposure limits TLV400

 

 

Preventive and Corrective Measures

Personal Protection

Eyes: Safety glasses

Hands: Solvent resistant gloves

No special protective clothing or footwear required.

Respiratory: Self-contained breathing apparatus above TLV400.

 

Storage and Handling Procedures

Leak and Spill Procedure

Usually not an aerosol problem.